Custom Suicide Problem essay paper sample
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Suicide problem is not rare in many societies today. Many individuals find different ways to cope with pressure encountered in life. Some individuals have found themselves involved in various hobbies in order to take their minds off from worries. However, not all people can get a safe and healthy way to manage stress, hence making most people turn into drugs, and substance abuse, and for others, they resort into committing suicide. This paper focuses on suicide problem, the causes and measure for protection. Many people have found that the reality to deal with suicide is not easy, hence; they design strategies to cope with pressures of life.
Most suicide occurs when an individual terminates his life. Suicide deaths only forms part of suicide problem. Most people survive suicide death, hence; become seriously injured and needs medical attention (Miller M, et al, 34). Some victims of suicide problem feel uncomfortable when talking about suicide. Some people leave their family members devastated after suicide attempts, whereas, others often blamed. There are various ways in which suicide affect health. Suicide by definition is highly fatal. Individuals, who attempt the act and eventually survive, suffer injuries such as fractures, damage to the brain, and organ failure (Huffine 45). Furthermore, people who survive the attempt of suicide mostly suffer from depression, and other associated mental problems. Suicide problem has caused enormous medical expenses and increased lost wages in most communities.
Suicide is a tragic occurrence, an extremely unusual act that evokes powerful emotions. It has made many medical practitioners; social workers, psychologists, lawyers, as well as, renaissance men to try to investigate factors that lead to suicide. All these efforts are done to find the critical factors that cause and that may reduce the incidence of suicide. This paper discusses suicide problem, reasons for suicide, and possible measures of protection to reduce suicide problem. The causative factors that lead to suicide are extraordinarily complicated and diverse (Maria, et al. 2). The moral stance of a society influences a person’s inclination to implement the act of committing suicide. There are varying viewpoints between different groups of people on the issue. A supportive group treats suicide as a noble act, hence; have high incidences of suicide. A different group that condemns the act view suicide as a criminal act. Thus, the question of the responsibility of the act itself is linked to a society’s view on the act. This responsibility is composed of moral, public and legal obligations.
In this study, the possible question is to seek to understand whether the responsibility should be the deceased, or the medical or paramedical personnel, who should be charged with the responsibility for not recognizing the causes, and not preventing the act itself. Emphasis should be made on an approach that is professionally cultural, public and legal, to prevent an individual’s responsibility for one’s own decisions. This should include the responsibility of self destruction that will prevent a moral judgment to criticize the deceased. The aforementioned may reduce suicide problem seen with a neutral approach that foregoes the deceased personal responsibility (Lubin, et al. 364).
Background to the problem
Suicide is a problem because it kills more than 35,000 people yearly. In addition, more than 380,000 people who suffer harm they cause to their bodies, and treated in emergency facilities yearly. Many people are at risk to the suicide problem. It affects everyone. However, there are certain individuals who are at higher risks than others. According to a recent survey, it has been observed that men are four times more likely than women to die from suicide. Furthermore, it has been noted that, three times more women than men report attempted suicide. Consequently, suicidal acts are highly prevalent among middle aged and older adults (Kachur 30).
Suicide incidences occur in all countries. However, there are countries that suicide problem is extremely high such as Korea. In 2009, Korea recorded one of the highest rates in the world. It recorded more than 22 cases of suicidal deaths per 100,000 people. This is a high figure compared to 18 deaths per 100,000 for the OECD member countries. It was noted that, suicide rates in South Korea increased at a higher rate, even though the rate reduced in most other developing nations. The suicide rates recorded among the South Korean males tripled in 1990 to 2006.
There is a weakening social integration in Korea that has contributed to the erosion of traditional family support base, particularly for the elderly, this has been coupled by a changing economy over much of the period. The high suicide rates in Korea has been attributed to the social changes that Korea’s fast economic development. This has led to people’s culture did not adapting to them. The society is tied in rural traditions coupled with Confucian family values, having three generation occupying the same roof. Despite the riches in Korea, social structures have broken down, leading to smaller families, rising living standards, competition for lucrative jobs, as well as, increased substance use. The suicide problem is also linked to the concept of ‘han’, a stoicism tied to anger feelings of anger and importance that is on the rise as the situations cannot be altered. The concept of ‘han’ is linked to depression, hence making Koreans get a lot of frustrations and become hopeless and give up to consider taking rational choices such cultural traits may be increased by the stigma that most Koreans attach to metal illness. In Korea, suicide ranks fourth among death causes in the country. Most factors leading to high suicide rates in South Korea is more acute in the country’s younger generation who are fond of watching movies. Hence, watching at celebrities who have committee suicide in Korea is a contributing factor to the increased suicide problem rates.
Causes of suicide
There are many factors that can lead an individual at risk for attempted suicide. However, having the risk factors does not mean that suicide will always occur. Risk factors include; previous attempts, history associated with depression or other mental illness. Drug and substance abuse, history of the family of suicide or violence, physical illness, and the feeling of loneliness.
Three topics that have provided an identity to suicide include the variable that make up different rates, self destructive character, and various methods that people use to commit the act. Suicide affects civilization. Hence; identifying the prevalence of suicide among various members of a society, most researchers have analyzed suicide rates in terms of a number of variables. These variables include; age, sex, gender, race as well as, geographical location.
The second variable to suicide rates is sex. However, the contribution of gender difference to exist among the clinical risk factors associated with the suicide problem is unknown. However, among men with considerable depressive episodes, hostility, aggression, and the history of alcohol and substance abuse have increased risk of future suicidal behavior. On the other hand, it has been recognized that, depressive symptoms, among the childhood history of abuse, fewer reasons for living, coupled with borderline personality disorder have increased in depressed women.
There are psychiatric disorders that are risk factors for suicide problem Individual who have diagnosable psychiatric disorder have been noted to be risk for committing suicide. According to American Foundation for suicide prevention, more than 90% of attempted suicides are committed by individuals who suffer from psychiatric illness. These illnesses are associated with substantial depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia, among others. When combined with substance abuse, these illnesses may subject an individual to a risk, since the victims may be feeling sad, worthless, guilty, hence; using drugs and substance may further disrupt the ability to make critical decisions to reach out for appropriate help (Moscicki 45).
Other possible factor leading to the suicide problem is the history of an individual of suicide attempts, or the family history of suicide. It has been observed that among individuals who complete suicide; approximately 20% to 50% has a history of suicide attempts. In addition, individuals who have family members who have attempted or completed suicide are at a higher risk suicide problem. Those who have family members who have committed suicide may view suicide as a better option to cope with a crisis of stressor problems. Such individuals may have genetic predispositions towards psychiatric illness.
Suicide may also vary by geographic location with more populous areas having higher rates of suicide problems. For instance, greater access to firearms in urban areas can make victims have access to deadly weapons to use in committing the act. In rural areas, there is a lower population density and little availability of resources for mental healthcare (Shumer 23). Race is also another variable that leads to suicide problem rates. Ethnic groups have varying rates of suicide, for instance higher suicide rates is prevalent among the American Indians, and non Hispanic whites in America, whereas, the lowest rates occur among Hispanics. According to CDC, the group that has recorded the highest rates of completed suicide are white men who are over 60 years (CDC).